2138 Business 220
Bedford, Pennsylvania 15522
Phone: 814-623-8100, Fax: 814-623-8052
The History of Bedford Springs
Few properties can boast the historic significance of Bedford Springs Resort, located in the Allegheny Mountains of south Pennsylvania. For more than 200 years, the eight mineral springs located on the resort's property served as an important gathering place. Eventually, the resort would be the site of many significant moments in American history, hosting a long list of celebrities, wealthy clientèle, corporate magnates and dignitaries from around the world. To date, the resort has hosted 10 US Presidents, seven of whom visited during their presidency.
The Bedford Springs
The Native Americans first used the mineral springs for their curative properties, and in the late 1700's they shared the powers of the springs with a doctor named John Anderson. In 1796, Dr. Anderson purchased the 2,200-acre property on which the resort now stands. He built a home on the property and as word spread of these unique waters, visitors arrived from around the globe to experience them. He housed the guests in tents and offered custom prescriptions for guests based upon their needs.
The Original Hotel
As more and more guests came west to "take the waters," Dr. Anderson decided to build a hotel. The Stone Inn was built in 1806 from stone quarried atop the mountain located adjacent to The Springs and carried down the mountain by oxen. Guests making the trek to the hotel encountered a rugged journey. They often arrived by train in Cumberland, and then made the 21-mile trip through the Cumberland Valley to Bedford Springs.
Historic Firsts for Bedford Springs - who proclaimed the most popular resort?
Bedford Springs Resort is truly an American original. With its growing list of wealthy clientèle, it gained a reputation as a luxury destination and was proclaimed as the Most Popular Resort in the United States. Bedford Springs became home to one of the first golf courses in America, originally designed by Spencer Oldham (and later redesigned by A.W. Tillinghast and then the renowned Donald Ross). And in 1905, the resort opened one of the nation's first indoor pools - fed by the property's spring waters. With its alluring surroundings and high-profile guest list, Bedford Springs' role in history was already in the making.
National Historic Landmark
In 1984, the resort was designated a National Historic Landmark and it closed its doors two years later. In 2004, the resort embarked upon an unprecedented restoration and expansion effort. Returned to its original splendor in 2007, Bedford Springs Resort is the perfect blend of the past and the future
||Bedford springs Resort is restored to its historic grandeur after a $120 million restoration. The new resort is the most modern of meeting places, featuring state-of-the-art technology and conveniences.
||The property closes.
||The resort is designated a National Historic Landmark
||Former US President Ronald Reagan visits while Governor of California.
|1943 - 1945
||Japanese diplomats captured in Germany during WWII are housed at the resort.
|1941 - 1943
||The US Navy occupies the resort, using it as a training facility for radio operators.
||Renowned golf course architect Donald Ross remodels Bedford Springs' 18-hole golf course.
||One of the first indoor pools in the nation is constructed at Bedford Springs, complete with a mineral water-fed swimming pool, solarium and hydrotherapy rooms.
||One of the first golf courses in America is laid out by Spencer Oldham at Bedford Springs.
||1858 - First transatlantic cable is received by President Buchanan in the lobby of Bedford Springs Resort. He spent 40 summers in Bedford Springs.
||James K. Polk is the first sitting president to visit Bedford Springs. A total of 10 US presidents will eventually be hosted by the resort, including visits by seven presidents during their time in office. These include Presidents Taylor, Buchanan, Taft, Polk, Harding and Eisenhower.
||Future US President James Buchanan makes the first of many visits to Bedford Springs, which will become his "summer White House" during his time in office.
||The Stone Inn, the first of the hotel's buildings, is constructed from stone located on a mountain across from the resort.
||Patients of Dr. Anderson experience the healing properties of the springs in new bathing facilities.
||Dr. John Anderson discovers the mineral springs of Bedford, long known by the Native Americans, and purchases the property.